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NextTrace

An open source visual routing tool that pursues light weight, developed using Golang.

How To Use

Document Language: English 简体中文

Automated Installation

# Linux one-click install script
bash <(curl -Ls https://raw.githubusercontent.com/sjlleo/nexttrace/main/nt_install.sh)

# GHPROXY 镜像(国内使用)
bash -c "$(curl -Ls https://ghproxy.com/https://raw.githubusercontent.com/sjlleo/nexttrace/main/nt_install.sh)"

# macOS brew install command
brew tap xgadget-lab/nexttrace && brew install nexttrace

Windows users please go to Release Page directly and download exe file.

Get Started

NextTrace uses the ICMP protocol to perform TraceRoute requests by default, which supports both IPv4 and IPv6

# IPv4 ICMP Trace
nexttrace 1.0.0.1

# Form printing (output all hops at one time, wait 20-40 seconds)
nexttrace --table 1.0.0.1

# IPv6 ICMP Trace
nexttrace 2606:4700:4700::1111

# Path Visualization With the -M parameter, a map URL is returned
nexttrace --map koreacentral.blob.core.windows.net
# MapTrace URL: https://api.leo.moe/tracemap/html/c14e439e-3250-5310-8965-42a1e3545266.html

PS: The routing visualization drawing module was written by @tsosunchia, and the specific code can be viewed at tsosunchia/traceMap.

Note that in LeoMoeAPI 2.0, due to the addition of geographical location data, we have deprecated the online query part of the OpenStreetMap API in the traceMap plugin and are using location information from our own database.

The routing visualization function requires the geographical coordinates of each Hop, but third-party APIs generally do not provide this information, so this function is currently only supported when used with LeoMoeAPI.

NextTrace now supports quick testing, and friends who have a one-time backhaul routing test requirement can use it

# IPv4 ICMP Fast Test (Beijing + Shanghai + Guangzhou + Hangzhou) in China Telecom / Unicom / Mobile / Education Network
nexttrace --fast-trace

# You can also use TCP SYN for testing
nexttrace --fast-trace --tcp

NextTrace already supports route tracing for specified Network Devices

# Use eth0 network interface
nexttrace --dev eth0 2606:4700:4700::1111

# Use eth0 network interface's IP
# When using the network interface's IP for route tracing, note that the IP type to be traced should be the same as network interface's IP type (e.g. both IPv4)
nexttrace --source 204.98.134.56 9.9.9.9

NextTrace can also use TCP and UDP protocols to perform Traceroute requests, but these protocols only supports IPv4 now

# TCP SYN Trace
nexttrace --tcp www.bing.com

# You can specify the port by yourself [here is 443], the default port is 80
nexttrace --tcp --port 443 1.0.0.1

# UDP Trace
nexttrace --udp 1.0.0.1

nexttrace --udp --port 53 1.0.0.1

NextTrace also supports some advanced functions, such as ttl control, concurrent probe packet count control, mode switching, etc.

# Send 2 probe packets per hop
nexttrace --queries 2 www.hkix.net

# No concurrent probe packets, only one probe packet is sent at a time
nexttrace --parallel-requests 1 www.hkix.net

# Start Trace with TTL of 5, end at TTL of 10
nexttrace --first 5 --max-hops 10 www.decix.net

# Turn off the IP reverse parsing function
nexttrace --no-rdns www.bbix.net

# Feature: print Route-Path diagram
# Route-Path diagram example:
# AS6453 Tata Communication「Singapore『Singapore』」
#  ╭╯
#  ╰AS9299 Philippine Long Distance Telephone Co.「Philippines『Metro Manila』」
#  ╭╯
#  ╰AS36776 Five9 Inc.「Philippines『Metro Manila』」
#  ╭╯
#  ╰AS37963 Aliyun「ALIDNS.COM『ALIDNS.COM』」
nexttrace --route-path www.time.com.my

NextTrace supports users to select their own IP API (currently supports: LeoMoeAPI, IP.SB, IPInfo, IPInsight, IPAPI.com)

# You can specify the IP database by yourself [IP.SB here], if not specified, LeoMoeAPI will be used
nexttrace --data-provider IP.SB
## Note that the ipinfo API needs users to purchase services from ipinfo. If necessary, you can clone this project, add the token provided by ipinfo and compile it yourself
## Fill the token to: ipgeo/tokens.go
## Please be aware: Due to the serious abuse of IP.SB, you will often be not able to query IP data from this source
## IPAPI.com has a stricter restiction on API calls, if you can't query IP data from this source, please try again in a few minutes.

NextTrace supports mixed parameters and shortened parameters

Example:
nexttrace --data-provider IPAPI.com --max-hops 20 --tcp --port 443 --queries 5 --no-rdns 1.1.1.1
nexttrace -tcp --queries 2 --parallel-requests 1 --table --route-path 2001:4860:4860::8888

Equivalent to:
nexttrace -d IPAPI.com -m 20 -T -p 443 -q 5 -n 1.1.1.1
nexttrace -T -q 2 --parallel-requests 1 -t -R 2001:4860:4860::8888

IP Database

We use bgp.tools as a data provider for routing tables.

NextTrace BackEnd is now open-source.

https://github.com/sjlleo/nexttrace-backend

All NextTrace IP geolocation API DEMO can refer to here

For full usage list, please refer to the usage menu

Usage: nexttrace [-h|--help] [-T|--tcp] [-U|--udp] [-F|--fast-trace] [-p|--port
                 <integer>] [-q|--queries <integer>] [--parallel-requests
                 <integer>] [-m|--max-hops <integer>] [-d|--data-provider
                 (IP.SB|IPInfo|IPInsight|IPAPI.com)] [-n|--no-rdns]
                 [-r|--route-path] [-o|--output] [-t|--table] [-c|--classic]
                 [-f|--first <integer>] [-M|--map] [-v|--version] [-s|--source
                 "<value>"] [-D|--dev "<value>"] [-R|--route] [-z|--send-time
                 <integer>] [-i|--ttl-time <integer>]
                 [IP Address or Domain name]
Arguments:

  -h  --help                         Print help information
  -T  --tcp                          Use TCP SYN for tracerouting (default port
                                     is 80)
  -U  --udp                          Use UDP SYN for tracerouting (default port
                                     is 53)
  -F  --fast-trace                   One-Key Fast Trace to China ISPs
  -p  --port                         Set the destination port to use. It is
                                     either initial udp port value for
                                     "default"method (incremented by each
                                     probe, default is 33434), or initial seq
                                     for "icmp" (incremented as well, default
                                     from 1), or some constantdestination port
                                     for other methods (with default of 80 for
                                     "tcp", 53 for "udp", etc.)
  -q  --queries                      Set the number of probes per each hop.
                                     Default: 3
      --parallel-requests            Set ParallelRequests number. It should be
                                     1 when there is a multi-routing. Default:
                                     18
  -m  --max-hops                     Set the max number of hops (max TTL to be
                                     reached). Default: 30
  -d  --data-provider                Choose IP Geograph Data Provider
                                     [LeoMoeAPI,IP.SB, IPInfo, IPInsight,
                                     IPAPI.com]. Default: LeoMoeAPI
  -n  --no-rdns                       Do not resolve IP addresses to their
                                     domain names
  -r  --route-path                   Print traceroute hop path by ASN and
                                     location
  -o  --output                       Write trace result to file
                                     (RealTimePrinter ONLY)
  -t  --table                        Output trace results as table
  -c  --classic                      Classic Output trace results like
                                     BestTrace
  -f  --first                        Start from the first_ttl hop (instead from
                                     1). Default: 1
  -M  --map                          Print Trace Map. This will return a Trace
                                     Map URL
  -v  --version                      Print version info and exit
  -s  --source                       Use source src_addr for outgoing packets
  -D  --dev                          Use the following Network Devices as the
                                     source address in outgoing packets
  -R  --route                        Show Routing Table [Provided By BGP.Tools]
  -z  --send-time                    Set the time interval for sending every
                                     packet. Useful when some routers use
                                     rate-limit for ICMP messages.. Default: 0
  -i  --ttl-time                     Set the time interval for sending packets
                                     groups by TTL. Useful when some routers
                                     use rate-limit for ICMP messages..
                                     Default: 500

Project screenshot

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NextTrace Enhanced

NextTrace Enhanced is an enhanced version for enthusiasts, Enhanced provides trace route calls in the form of Web API and a simple Looking Glass webpage with built-in visualization.

The Enhanced version supports many functions that the lite version does not have, such as the ability to customize the timeout period, and the ability to specify TTL as the starting point for route tracking, etc. For ordinary users, the lite version is usually enough.

https://github.com/OwO-Network/nexttrace-enhanced

公告

我今天看到了一些非常难过的事情,一些用户在 BestTrace 和 WorstTrace 下面宣传 NextTrace 的完全可替代性。

这么做是不正确的,NextTrace 从来都不是一个从零开始的软件,NextTrace 之所以能够拥有某些功能特性,是因为吸取了 BestTrace 、WorstTrace 的一些想法。

我们希望您在使用的时候知晓这一点,我们是站在巨人的肩膀上,而尊重其他软件作者,向他们或者是我们提交 Bug 或贡献代码,才是推动整个 traceroute 工具的软件多样化发展的最好方式

NextTrace 并不追求成为一个替代者,同类软件越多样化,才能满足更多人的需求,这才是我们希望看到的,而去诋毁其他软件,这违背了我们对于开发 NextTrace 的初衷。

我们希望看到这条公告的朋友应该主动删除自己过激的言论,如果您有任何问题或建议,请随时在我们的社区中发表。

LeoMoeAPI Credit

NextTrace 重点在于研究 Go 语言 Traceroute 的实现,其 LeoMoeAPI 的地理位置信息并没有原始数据的支撑,故也不可能有商用版本。

LeoMoeAPI 存在部分社区贡献者校准的数据,也包含了部分其他第三方数据库的数据,这些数据的所有权归校准者、第三方数据库所有,仅供路由跟踪地理位置的展示参考使用,我们不对数据提供准度做任何保证,请尊重他们的成果,如用于其他用途后果自负,特此告知。

  1. 对于辛勤提供马来西亚地区节点的 samleong123、全球节点的 TOHUNET Looking Glass 以及来自 Misaka 的 Ping.sx 表示感谢,目前 80% 以上的可靠校准数据出自这些节点的 ping / mtr 报告。

  2. 同时感谢 isyekong 在基于 rDNS 校准上思路以及数据上做出的贡献,LeoMoeAPI 正在加快对 rDNS 的解析功能研发,目前已经做到部分骨干网的地理位置自动化解析,但存在一定误判。 我们希望 NextTrace 在未来能成为对 One-Man ISP 友好的 Traceroute 工具,我们也在尽可能完善对这些 ASN 的微型骨干网的校准。

  3. 在开发上,我要由衷感谢 missuo 以及 zhshch 在 Go 交叉编译、设计理念以及 TCP/UDP Traceroute 重构上的帮助、tsosunchia 在 TraceMap 上的倾力支持。

  4. 我还要感谢 FFEE_CO、TheresaQWQ、stydxm 和其他朋友的帮助。LeoMoeAPI自首次发布以来得到了很多各方面的支持,所以我想把他们都归功于此。

我们希望您能够在使用时尽可能多多反馈 IP 地理位置错误(详见 issue),这样它就能够在第一时间得到校准,他人也会因此而受益。

NextTrace focuses on Golang Traceroute implementations, and its LeoMoeAPI geolocation information is not supported by raw data, so a commercial version is not possible.

The LeoMoeAPI data is subject to copyright restrictions from multiple data sources, and is only used for the purpose of displaying the geolocation of route tracing.

  1. We would like to credit samleong123 for providing nodes in Malaysia, TOHUNET Looking Glass for global nodes, and Ping.sx from Misaka, where more than 80% of reliable calibration data comes from ping/mtr reports.

  2. At the same time, we would like to credit isyekong for their contribution on rDNS-based calibration ideas and data. LeoMoeAPI is accelerating the development of rDNS resolution function, and has already achieved automated geolocation resolution for some backbone networks, but there are some misjudgments. We hope that NextTrace will become a One-Man ISP-friendly traceroute tool in the future, and we are working on improving the calibration of these ASN micro-backbones as much as possible.

  3. In terms of development, I would like to credit missuo and zhshch for their help with Go cross-compilation, design concepts and TCP/UDP Traceroute refactoring, and tsosunchia for their support on TraceMap.

  4. I would also like to credit FFEE_CO, TheresaQWQ, stydxm and others for their help. leoMoeAPI has received a lot of support since its first release, so I would like to credit them all!

We hope you can give us as much feedback as possible on IP geolocation errors (see issue) so that it can be calibrated in the first place and others can benefit from it.

FAQ Frequently Asked Questions

If you encounter problems while installing or using it, we do not recommend you to choose creating an issue as a preference

Here is our recommended troubleshooting process:

  1. Check if it is already in FAQ -> Go to Github Wiki
  2. Suspected bug or feature suggestion -> Go to Github Issues

JetBrain Support

This Project uses JetBrain Open-Source Project License. We Proudly Develop By Goland.

GoLand logo

Credits

BGP.TOOLS provided some data support for this project and we would like to express our sincere gratitude.

Vincent Young ([email protected])

Sam Sam ([email protected])

tsosunchia

waiting4new

FFEE_CO

Others

Although other third-party APIs are integrated in this project, please refer to the official website of the third-party APIs for specific TOS and AUP. If you encounter IP data errors, please contact them directly to correct them.

Star History

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